What are functional materials?
They are materials that contain one or more properties that can be significantly altered in a controlled environment by external stimuli, such as light, electric/magnetic field, temperature, chemical environment, etc.
It is found in all classes of materials as for example polymers, organic molecules, metals, ceramics, metal-organic frameworks, etc.
It can be applied in a broad range of technological devices as for example in solar cells, sensors, catalysts, functional foods, drugs, membranes, memories, displays, and telecommunication.
The importance of paradigm shift in the design process
Traditionally, we use a conventional approach as shown below which is expensive and time-consuming.
We need to introduce a computational approach in the design process to minimize cost and hasten the design process.